الثلاثاء، 17 أكتوبر 2017

تصريف Verb to have في جميع الأزمنة

فعل to have فعل غير منتظم (Irregular verb) وهو واحد من بين الأفعال المساعدة في الانجليزية (Auxiliary verbs) مثله مثل فعل to be، بحيث يساعد في تكوين الأزمنة و صياغة الأسئلة. ويعتبر فعل التملك من بين أهم الأفعال وأكثرها استخداما في اللغة الانجليزية.
جدول تصريف الفعل to have في الماضي (had)  والمضارع (have, has) والمستقبل (will have).
تصريف الفعل to have
- verb to have أو فعل الملكية قد يأتي في الجملة فعلا رئيسيا وقد يأتي فعلا مساعدا، إليك بعض الأمثلة :
 نبيل عنده سيارة جديدة Nabil has a new car
عندها شخصية رائعة She has a great personality
كان لدي اجتماع البارحة I had a meeting yesterday
أملك هاتف I have a mobile phone
هنا جاء الفعل رئيسي في الجملة

لقد جرحت يدي I have cut my finger
لقد كنت في عطلة I have been on holiday
هنا have فعل مساعد، بحيث ساعد في تكوين زمن المضارع التام
مثال اخر:
لقد أتم عمله He had finished his work
- فعل التملك يستخدم في الكلام أحيانا بشكل مختصر (Short form) واليك كيف يكتب في حالته العادية وحالة النفي
Verb to have in the full form and short form
- عند تكوين السؤال مع verb to have كفعل رئيسي، فقط نضيف الفعل المساعد do أو does وإليك بعض الأمثلة:
You have an iPad ==> Do you have an iPad? 
Answer : Yes, i do. or No, i don't.
She has a new car ==> Does she has a new car?
Answer : Yes, she does. or No, she doesn't.
ملاحظة : حتى قاعدة تسبيق الفعل على الفاعل ممكنة وإاليك هذا المثال:  
I have a pen ==> Have you a pen?
Answer: Yes, i have.

- في حالة النفي مع فعل التملك كفعل رئيسي فقط نضيف do not، does not، أو did not قبل الفعل.
أمثلة 
I do not have an iPad = I don't have an iPad
 She does not have a new car = She doesn't have a new car

- عند تكوين السؤال مع الفعل have كفعل مساعد، فقط نقوم بوضعه في بداية الجملة بعده الضمير.

You have finished your work ==> Have you finished your work?

- في حالة النفي فقط نضيف not بعد الفعل المساعد have
  I have got an iPad ==> I have not got an iPad

تصريف verb to have في المضارع المستمر (Present continuous)، التام (Prestent perfect) والتام المستمر (Present perfect continuous).
Present continuous
Present perfect
Present perfect continuous
I am having
You are having
He/she/it is having
We are having
You are having
They are having
I have had
You have had
He/she/it has had
We have had
You have had
They have had
I have been having
You have been having He/she/it has been having
We have been having
You have been having
They have been having

في الماضي المستمر(Past continuous)، الماضي التام  (Past perfect) والماضي التام المستمر (Past perfect continuous).
Past continuous
Past perfect
Past perfect continuous
I was having
You were having
He/she/it was having
We were having
You were having
They were having
I had had
You had had
He/she/it had had
We had had
You had had
They had had
I had been having
You had been having
He/she/it had been having
We had been having
You had been having
They had been having

في المستقبل المستمر(Future continuous)، المستقبل التام  (Future perfect) والمستقبل التام المستمر (Future perfect continuous).
Future continuous
Future perfect
Future perfect continuous
I will be having
You will be having
He/she/it will be having
We will be having
You will be having
They will be having
I will have had
You will have had
He/she/it will have had
We will have had
You will have had
They will have had
I will have been having
You will have been having He/she/it will have been having
We will have been having
You will have been having
They will have been having

11 تعليقات

شكرا الف شكر علي العمل الجميل

لا شكرا على واجب أخي فؤاد.

شكرا علي هذا المجهود الرائع

شكراعلى هدا تعليم وشكرا لكم التاني

السلام عليكم ... شكراً جزيلاً على شرحك المبسط الجميل.... ولكن هنالك ملاحظة قد قرئتها في احدى الكتب تقول (ان هنالك افعال لا تقبل دخول صيغة ing عليها مثل افعال الملكية / مثال على ذلك
I have one book ) وانت في الجمل اعلاه ادخلت صيغة ing ... ارجو توضيح الامر مع خالص احتلرامي وتقديري لشخصكم الكريم.

ألله أكبر
ما هذآ كل الجمال أنا اشراك من قلبي عمل جميل جدان

مصطفى صالح

جزاك الله خيرا.. Thank you so much

سهلت علي القواعد جزاك الله خيرا وشكرا 😊

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